the united states postal service an american history

It delivers an enormous amount of mail, approximately 1500 billion pieces of mail annually. The price of Publication 100 covers the cost of printing, shipping, and handling. Currently The United States Postal Service is a gigantic department that is the third-largest civilian employer in the United States. It then appointed John Hamilton, Andrew's son, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. Subsequent legislation enlarged the duties of the Post Office, strengthened and unified its organization, and provided rules and regulations for its development. The Act of February 20, 1792, made detailed provisions for the Post Office. Over the next se… Central postal organization came to the colonies only after 1691 when Thomas Neale received a 21-year grant from the British Crown for a North American postal service. American communities from the late 1700s to the time of the Civil War were often disconnected and disjointed. There are dozens of books recording the data for each state. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes laid out. 218). The Postal Service was temporarily continued by the Act of August 4, 1790 (1 Stat. From connecting people to each other, to Postal Service stretches back to the very beginning of our country (and even a little bit before!). Local authorities operated post routes within the colonies. When the Post Office’s Parcel Post officially began on January 1, 1913, the new service suddenly allowed millions of Americans great access to all kinds of goods and services. William Goddard is named as the nation’s first Surveyor, the forerunner of the position of Postal Inspector, of the new American postal service. The act replaced the cabinet level Post Office Department with a … Service / Sample Number. In the more than two centuries since Benjamin Franklin was appointed our first Postmaster General in 1775, the Postal Service™ has grown and changed with America, boldly embracing new technologies to better serve a growing population. The 1792 Postal Service Act provided for a greatly expanded post office network and guaranteed the privacy of personal correspondence in the United States of America. Philadelphia was the seat of government and postal headquarters until 1800. Postmaster General & Executive Leadership Team. The United States Postal Service operates the largest vehicle fleet of civilians around the globe. The year 2020, perhaps more than any other in American history, illustrates why Postal Service’s centuries-old mission must be upheld. The US Postal Service has played a role throughout American history - from the Declaration of Independence to today's mail-in voting. Main Address: USPS Office of the Consumer Advocate 475 L'Enfant Plaza, SW Room 4012 Washington, DC 20260-2200. Postal Reorganization Act of August 12, 1970 allowed the establishment of Postal workers union. On September 26, 1789, George Washington appointed Samuel Osgood of Massachusetts as the first Postmaster General under the Constitution. There are almost a million employees actively operating over 211,000 vehicles. On April 1, the USPS Board of Governors adopted the following mission statement: Our History. A free PDF copy is available here. USPS Tracking ® 9400 1000 0000 0000 0000 00. Significant Dates ›Stamps and Postcards ›Postage Rates and Historical Statistics ›Photo Galleries ›Postal People ›Moving the Mail ›Delivering the Mail and More ›Post Offices and Facilities ›Uniforms and Equipment ›Additional Resources ›Awards ›, See our 144-page illustrated book The United States Postal Service: An American History. Franklin was only 31 years old at the time, the struggling printer and publisher of The Pennsylvania Gazette. However, most correspondence ran between the colonists and England, their mother country. Later he would become one of the most popular men of his age. Two other Virginians succeeded Spotswood: Head Lynch in 1739 and Elliot Benger in 1743. Alexis Clements, pictured above, carried mail on foot between Green Bay and Chicago, a 240 mile route. On July 26, 1775, members of the Second Continental Congress, meeting in Philadelphia, agreed "...that a Postmaster General be appointed for the United States, who shall hold his office at Philadelphia, and shall be allowed a salary of 1,000 dollars per annum...". access_timeجمعه 31 مرداد 1399 ساعت 19:1. visibility47. A Brief History of the United States Postal Service. The United States Postal Service: An American History tells this story and introduces you to people, events, and developments affecting postal and national history. Details on how to access each are at the end of this column. Postal laws and regulations were revised and codified in the Ordinance of October 18, 1782. August 7, 1775, the earliest recorded date of his service under the Second Continental Congress, is established as the birth date of the United States Postal Inspection Service. His predecessor, John McLean of Ohio, began referring to the Post Office, or General Post Office as it was sometimes called, as the Post Office Department, but it was not specifically established as an executive department by Congress until June 8, 1872. The United States Postal Service: An American History, 1775-2002 [John E. Potter, Postmaster General] on Amazon.com. The head of that office, P. S. Loughborough, is considered the first Chief Postal Inspector. After the Boston riots in September 1774, the colonies began to separate from the mother country. Franklin served until November 7, 1776. For centuries, our universal mail system has strengthened the bonds of friendship, family, and community. All Rights Reserved. The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for providing postal service in the United States, including its insular areas and associated states.It is one of the few government agencies explicitly authorized by the United States Constitution. Postal Service, which has delivered for America for more than two centuries. Early postal history. Franklin was dismissed by the Crown for actions sympathetic to the cause of the colonies. Local Offices: Locate a Post Office. During his time as a Joint Postmaster General for the Crown, Franklin effected many important and lasting improvements in the colonial posts. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. When the PRA became law on Aug. 12, 1970, it created the United States Postal Service, which on Jan. 20, 1971, participated in the first collective bargaining session with seven postal unions, including five that were soon to merge into the APWU. By 1775, when the Continental Congress met at Philadelphia, Goddard's colonial post was flourishing, and 30 post offices operated between Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and Williamsburg. At the heart of the mailing industry is the U.S. Collect On Delivery Hold For Pickup 9303 3000 0000 0000 0000 00. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus to the British Postmaster General—a first for the postal service in North America. His uniform, if you could call it that, during his career in the 1830s was not unlike that of other American pioneers and adventurers. When Benger died in 1753, Franklin and William Hunter, postmasters of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed by the Crown as Joint Postmasters General for the colonies. It was largely to handle this mail that, in 1639, the first official notice of a postal service in the colonies appeared. linkSmith sonian mag. Find information on our most convenient and affordable shipping and mailing services. The postmaster general is responsible for managing and directing the day-to-day operations of the Postal Service. 1-800-222-1811 (Track and Confirm a Package) TTY: 1-877-889-2457. Postal History Explore the past, glimpse the future. Months later, President Nixon signed the Postal Reorganization Act, which established the United States Postal Service as we know it today. From 1753 to 1774, as he oversaw Britain’s colonial mail service, Benjamin Franklin improved a primitive courier system connecting the 13 … In addition, to regulate post offices and audit accounts, the position of surveyor was created in 1772; this is considered the precursor of today's Postal Inspection Service. 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