He says “if we are sensible people, we shall see that the question is not so much whether they are guilty as whether we are making the right decisions for ourselves” (Thucydides 3.44). PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION THUCYDIDES (c. 470–c. When one begins making rash decisions, one runs the risk of causing deadly consequences that could have been easily foreseen with a little bit of logical discussion. One of the most famous speeches that Douglass gave was the one for the Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society on July 5, 1852 celebrating the Independence Day. Typically, funeral speeches at that time were very somber and mournful, but Pericles changed that. Haven’t found the relevant content? The speech known by “What to the slave is the fourth of July?”. At these funerals, a citizen was chosen to give a speech at this event. The first bad choice Brutus made was when he let Antony live. Plato claims that anyone who embraces justice is better off in times of despair and misfortune. Rhetorical Analysis of Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln Pericles is speaking to the Athenian … Pericles’ Funeral Oration stands as the grand exemplar of epideictic oratory, specifically the form of epideictic known to the Greeks as epitaphios logos, and to us as a eulogy. The origin and nature of justice is an arrangement that one comes to and is only valuable as it keeps a certain kind of order, predictability and safety. Fromm’s view on obedience to authority is that when we obey authority, even when it goes against our own reasoning and morals, then that obedience is cowardly and destructive while any act affirming individual will and autonomy is an act of freedom. Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis. The “Funeral Oration of Pericles“ proves the two significant issues. Pericles’ profound rhetorical skills were displayed within his Funeral Oration honoring Athenian soldiers who demonstrated extraordinary valor. Hart then has no issue in confronting Aquinas. In his 1963 essay, “Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem,” philosopher Erich Fromm argues that disobedience to authority started human history and blind obedience may cause its destruction. In the same winter the Athenians gave a funeral at the public cost … He had confidence in his kin and through this discourse he could persuade the general population to be pleased to be Athenians. Rhetoric Of Pericles Funeral Oration 723 Words3 Pages Pericles’ Funeral Oration Analysis Pericles, as we know, was an exceeding leader and statesmen for most of Athen’s reign during the 5th century B.C.E. This famous speech was written by Thucydides, but given by Pericles sometime during Athens’ Pelponnesian War. $35.80 for a 2-page paper. Pericles Funeral Oration. Soon after, Mark Antony gives a terrifically-persuasive speech that he claims to be a funeral oration for Caesar, but is truly a cleverly-shrouded undermining to Brutus’s speech. Leave a reply. From justifies disobedience by using the Biblical example of Adam and Eve and the Greek legend of Prometheus. In analyzing his speech, “An Oration; Delivered March 5, 1774, at the Request of the Inhabitants of the Town of Boston: to Commemorate the Bloody Tragedy of the Fifth of March 1770,” it is equally important to understand the audience as it is to understand the rhetoric and motivations of the speaker. Antony’s speech is able to not only gain him the crowd’s support, but causes the crowd to completely disregard what Brutus had, The way a person speaks,and how they choose to portray that oration can really determine the final product of the speech. This should be the start in stopping the Death Penalty because it 's morally wrong just like murdering is but just because it 's run by the government and the justice system doesn’t make it okay!…, This part of the conversation shows how Creon’s hubris pushes him to defy the gods, which contributes to the tragic end of the play. Pericles' Funeral Oration (Perikles hält die Leichenrede) by Philipp Foltz (1852) In any case, seeing the pillage of their farms, the Athenians were outraged, and they soon began to indirectly express their discontent towards their leader, who many of them considered to have drawn them into the war. Beloved by historians, it offers a glimpse into a pivotal moment in ancient Greek history. For instance, the government ordered. His rhetoric influenced public policy and successive generations. It was the first of its kind, as the known history of Athens shows no other speech breaking away from the traditional formula of the funeral oration prior to this one. They included the way the Athenians were exceptionally pompous of their customs and city and secondly, it observes and mentions the tremendous respect that Athenians contain for their combatant class. Speakers like John Hancock helped precipitate this change by capitalizing on a growing resentment toward Colonial rule and used this momentum to outline a plan of action. Rhetorical Analysis Compare and Contrast of Seminal U.S Documents Diodotus, like Cleon, argues for his viewpoint based purely on the self interest of the state. Justice becomes the sole front of internal harmony and good in a society. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address and Pericles’ Funeral Oration did share a variety of similar historical contexts, despite the large time frame separating the speeches. Hire a subject expert to help you with Analysis of Pericles Speeches. Pericles’ Funeral Oration. Neither that city nor year suggests a crucial event in American racial history. This analysis on Pericles’ ceremonial or epideictic address will focus on only a few of the rhetorical topics of invention put to use in the speech. The official funeral oration, or epitaphios logos, emerged in ancient Athens sometime between 508 and 460 B.C. 400 BC) During a twenty-year exile from Athens which he incurred as the leader of a failed military campaign in 423, ucydides spent his time writing a history of the Peloponnesian War. He essentially asserts that the belief that an unjust law is not a law is an exaggeration so extreme, it cannot be upheld as rational. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. This speech is given 11 years after the assassination of Lincoln and during this time in the U.S. many political issues are arising. I will be analyzing Pericles’ famous “Funeral Oration”. He says “‘worst of all for us will be if there is no constancy in our decisions, and if we forget that imperfect laws kept valid give greater strength to a city than good laws unenforced” (Thucydides 3.37). In 431 BCE, at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War, held their traditional public funeral for all those who had been killed. Future world leaders would, Cicero’s First Catilinarian Oration: A Rhetorical and Literary Analysis Although the fact that Thoreau believes that man has other higher duties more humane than trying to eliminate institutional wrongs, it is still up to him to at least not be guilty by being respect with the wrongly institutions. Unlike Caesar and Pompey, Mr Faataape, fellow peers/classmates. 141 - 150 of 500 . In some situations, It may be true that one would appear strong by sticking to one’s decisions, but that could come at a serious cost; perhaps even leading to the end of, The Rhetorical Analysis Of Pericles's Funeral Oration. At such a time of high emotions and patriotism – Pericles has not one theme but several. Funerals after such battles were public rituals and Pericles used the occasion to make a classic statement of the value of democracy. In my estimation, this fact, rather than making Thucydides more biased or less credible as a historian, actually increases … This angers the gods because Creon is being disobedient to their will, coincidentally causes Haemon…, Brutus makes some minor choices that end up having negative outcomes. Cleon says “to feel pity, to be carried away by the pleasure of hearing a clever argument, to listen to the claims of decency are three things that are entirely against the interests of an imperial power.” It would be logical to think that Diodotus, who next argues against the killing of the Mytilenians, would use some kind of moral justification against the slaughter. His speech was a celebration of not only those who died in combat, but of the city of Athens itself. "Analysis Of Pericles Funeral Oration" Essays and Research Papers . He suggests that the influence of religion and its belief of heaven or hell, has a significant impact on why people feel the necessity to be just. Governor Pericles’ speech, captured by the Athenian historian General Thucydides and known as “The Funeral Oration,” serves as a model for how a leader in an executive role may raise the spirit of his or her people during a time of crisis. Source Analysis: The Funeral Oration . After the dead had been buried in a public grave, one of the leading citizens, chosen by the city, would offer a suitable speech, and on this occasion Pericles was chosen. Pericles’s and Lincoln’s funeral orations both reflect the use of constitutive rhetoric as they use persuasive speech to build up the community. “The pen is mightier than the sword.” As a youth, I disagreed with this statement. Overall, Socrates would not find many positive aspects in Machiavelli’s manual to manipulating others and employ any means or methods to achieve political success and the expansion of…, This makes one self-motivating, good and consistent in the society with themselves and others. Since Creon takes too much pride in his position as kin he refuses to change the laws against Polyneices burial, he still believes that the only right thing to do is to kill Antigone. Pericles performed the Funeral Oration as a response to the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War. He talks about how the Athenians treat other peoples and says “when we do kindnesses to others, we do not do them out of any calculations of profit or loss: we do them without afterthought, relying on our free liberality” (Thucydides 2.41). On Friday, January 20th, 1961. Pericles believes that debate is an integral part of the democratic process. 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